15 October 2017


Recently I attended CyFy organized by ORF.

Dr Gulshan Rai, the Indian National Cyber Security Co ordinator, the Cyber Czar of India, gave the keynote address. Some of the issues highlighted by Dr Gulshan Rai are given below.

As per the latest WEF report on an average daily e-transaction per day worldwide is 12 billion. In India daily e-transaction is about 2.2 billion. Number of online  threat/day is 0.6 billion. As the transitions going up so does the online threat. Out of these threats 6% are serious in nature and merits immediate attention. 50% of them need attention. In the next 7/8 years things world become much more complex.

Emerging trends

Artificial intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning will have mind boggling expansion.
Proliferation of offensive cyber tools in the net.
There will be repressive order on online media whether one likes or not.
Existing business models would come under extreme pressure, will undergo further transformation.
Big data and analytics will be used more effectively.
Growth of Public Private Partnership. Citizen will demand more and more control.
Heterogenity of state posture will also increase.
Militarization of Cyber Space. Tools used will be much more complex. States will indulge in Cyber Warfare issues.
Attacks like Wanacry, Petracry and their different versions will increase. We are still not clear about and their originatiors.


We are in the process of drafting our Data Protection Act. There is a serious issues of privacy. Will have to be reinterpreted.
International Laws will become predominant. There has to be worldwide consensus on International Law’s. UN Group of Govt Experts (UNGGE) are working.
Jurisdiction in an important issue in light of expansion of digital space. There are issues of technology, cross border, date residing in different parts of the world.

Cloud Computing. There are issues of encryption, legal and technical aspects.

Encryption Policy. Draft encryption policy was put on public domain. Due to various reasons this was withdrawn and could not be proceeded. Many other countries also have the same view as we have in India in Govt circle.

Cyber Diplomacy. Taking Importance.

Cyber Norms. After recent cases of Wanacry there is an impetus on voluntary or enforcement of internationally agreed cyber norms. There is a need to debate/agree on cyber norms.

Right to self definer/counter measures/use of force. Critical issue. We need to debate. Many countries have the same view as India.

Internet governance:- After intense debate we have adopted multi stake holder model. Whether it needs any modification or amendment , whether we should follow ideal multi stake holder model or have some role of Govt needs to be debated in a transparent manner. India has taken up a case of route server in our country with ICANN. Due to lack of transparency and changing of rules this has been blocked at ICANN. The culture of a country or a region has to be considered. UNGGE did not succede this year. We have to find ways and means to come to a consensus.

Q&A Session.

Q1. In India 50% hand held devices are Chinese manufactured. There is  legitimate Cyber Security concerns. There is a demand to ban Chinese brands in India. How do you respond?

Ans1. Today every device is collecting information, updating. Location is updated, date is transferred. This is true everywhere in the world. Issues of privacy and data protection are important but complex, India is bound by International agreement. This issues have to be sorted out at International level. Specific issues are raised in bilateral/multilateral talks.

Q2. How do you secure our critical infrastructure when there are foreign manufactured machinery in them?

Ans. There is nothing 100% secure. We cannot ensure that. Most of our critical infrastructure is imported. Maintenance has to be done by the companies who have supplied these equipments. We have valid contracts between parties. We ensure that resilience in very high. We are vigilant round the clock. We take help of all stake holders as well as other countries. We invite manufacturers to share information in advance. We take a Multi Stake holder approach.

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China targets American technology in drive to become innovation leader

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China is pushing to further deepen technology collaboration with U.S. business and academic institutions as part of a national effort to transform its economy, including by putting China at the leading edge of global technological innovation,” said a U.S. intelligence official who provided a recent assessment of China.

China's Undewater Nukes: The Most Dangerous Nuclear Threat No One Is Talking About?

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Leaders have pointed to parallels in the physical world, where infantry troops use a shooting range to improve marksmanship.

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Russian Military Strategy, Stuck in the Past

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On Sept.7, General Alexander Shevchenko announced a major change in plans to scrap 10,000 old Soviet-made tanks still on the Defense Ministry’s inventory.

By 2020 only 4,000 tanks will be scrapped, while the rest will be modernized and put back into service or exported. “The changing international situation, the increased patriotism of Russian citizenry and the introduction of new modernization technologies have induced a change of plans,” Shevchenko explained.

The True Danger of the North Korea Crisis: It Could Cost America Its Allies

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Trump’s North Korea Threat-Theater Is Working

By Austin Bay

The heated rhetorical exchanges between Washington and Pyongyang have once again fired public interest in Korean war scenarios and the Korean information war.

Obvious truth tends to die in Beltway media darkness, but The Washington Post finally noticed the intent and utility of the Trump administration’s orchestrated information warfare operation, something Observer readers know I began covering in March and emphasized in August and September while mainstream media dismissed Trump as incompetent.

Congress warned North Korean EMP attack would kill '90% of all Americans'

by Paul Bedard

Congress was warned Thursday that North Korea is capable of attacking the U.S. today with a nuclear EMP bomb that could indefinitely shut down the electric power grid and kill 90 percent of "all Americans" within a year. 

At a House hearing, experts said that North Korea could easily employ the "doomsday scenario" to turn parts of the U.S. to ashes. 



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An unabashed defense of the Trump administration’s favorite object of ire.


The defining epithet of the Age of Trump is “globalist.” This is the all-purpose term of abuse that the president and his most fervent supporters hurl at anyone who dissents from their populist agenda. During last year’s campaign, Donald Trump tweeted that the choice was “between Americanism” and Hillary Clinton’s “corrupt globalism.” His former strategist Steve Bannon, who thinks that “the globalists gutted the American working class and created a middle class in Asia,” was said to call economic advisor Gary Cohn, a former president of Goldman Sachs, “Globalist Gary.”

Waltzing Toward a Two-Front Global War


A few years ago, a Heritage Foundation analysis argued that the sine qua non of a superpower was the ability to fight two major campaigns in different regions of the globe nearly simultaneously. That same report noted that reduced defense investment and a decade of counterinsurgency campaigns had left the U.S. military unprepared to do so.

If War with Russia Breaks Out, Borders and Bureaucracy Could Slow the West’s Response


A 2,200-kilometer road trip across Europe with a Stryker brigade combat team takes a while. It takes even longer if the convoy sits, sweltering under the summer sun, waiting for paperwork to be stamped at border crossings both international and municipal.

The road to artificial intelligence in mobility—smart moves required

By Andreas Cornet, Matthias Kässer, Thibaut Müller, and Andreas Tschiesner

Is AI all hype? No. But automotive OEMs need to take five steps to overcome challenges and position themselves to succeed.

Artificial intelligence (AI) is the word on everyone’s lips. But in the automotive industry today, many products and services being labeled as such are in fact reliant on a form of advanced analytics (evolving from conventional algorithms) that enables those features—for example, predictive maintenance in manufacturing.

The Paradox of Control

by David Zelaya

One of the most praised and routinely ignored ideas in the Army is the philosophy of mission command. The virtues of a clear end-state, simple purpose, disciplined initiative and prudent risk are roundly praised in lectures, LPDs, and initial counseling; however, when rubber meets the road, the first shot is fired and the proverbial shit hits the fan lofty ideals go out the window and leaders find themselves grappling with the burden of uncertainty. Many rely on the edict that “if you want a job done right you best do it yourself.” They take comfort in the certainty of their own actions. Unbeknownst them, however, they are falling prey to a paradox of their own making and is simple to understand: under uncertain conditions increased control on subordinates increases uncertainty and the possibility of failure.