16 December 2017

Internet Governance - How do we select people representing India

--  Maj Gen P K Mallick,VSM (Retd)

I do attend lot of seminars in Delhi. In cyber domain related discussions one does come across terms like cyber governance, ICANN, UN GGE, Multi Stake holder model, Net Mundial and what have you. Certain things come to my mind which I thought I should share. I must admit in the first place I do not have any inside knowledge of the issues I am trying to raise. So the people concerned must correct me.

I find one particular Think Tank is much more concerned than any other in Cyber Governance issues. Naturally many people from that Think Tank attend all the official deliberations on internet governance all over the world. Mostly same set of people attend these. I have no issue on that either.

In the multi stake holder model the country is represented by Government agencies, civil society, industry, technical experts, legal experts, some time academics also. I want to know how do we decide who is going to represent what. What is the selection process. Who decides. In today's world when we are crying hoarse in international fora about multi stakeholder model we ourselves also have to be more transparent. I don’t see any transparency here. Again I am not casting any aspersions on anybody. They may be the most competent people to represent our country in the respective fields. I am talking about the process.

External funding is an important resource for Indian stakeholders who engage with ICANN. A majority of them who engaged with ICANN had been awarded external funding at some point.

When you represent the country in whatever field there is a need to speak in the same language in different forum. The Government has to ensure that by having discussion in a most transparent manner before going abroad. 15 persons from India actively participated at ICANN Meetings in 2015. Were they on the same wave length. The civil society people may have some different views. That has to be tampered with the national views. At least an honest effort has to be made. I am sure some efforts must have been made in the form of some Round Table Discussion organized by MeitY. Point is are those adequate?

I have nothing against anybody. I find there is one person who represents India in all deliberations concerning internet governance in ICANN, net mundial, UN deliberations etc. That person is a member of Carl Bildt chaired Global Commission on Internet Governance, Co chair of the Global Commission on the Stability of Cyberspace. Some of the other commissioners are : Michael Chertoff who was the second United States Secretary of Homeland Security, Chairman of the Board of Directors of BAE Systems, a member of East West Institute’s Board of Directors and Sean Kanuck. Sean Kanuck has a decade of experience in the Central Intelligence Agency, He was at the US National Intelligence Council as National Intelligence Officer for Cyber Issues from 2011 to 2016. He has been appointed as a Distinguished Fellow by the Observer Research Foundation in India. The person I am referring to is with ORF which is funded heavily by American companies, also with American East West Institute which may have vested interests, is Distinguished Fellow in the East West Institute in the US, the Observer Research Foundation in India, and the Centre for International Governance Innovation in Canada. My point is can there be a conflict of interest somewhere.

As per networking is concerned many of the persons involved in these commissions are regular visitors/ speakers in ORF events including the recent CyFy. You don’t get ex Prime Minister’s of countries like Sweden for such events just like that.

I am told Google India, Microsoft Ondia, Facebook India or such big US companies are now considered as Indian companies and represent India in these deliberations. Can these people contradict the views of their head offices sitting across the table.

Again my point is simple : How do we select, what is the criterion, where is the transparency?

I want to be educated.


I did come across a paper analysing Indian Engagement at Global Internet Governance Institutions 2011-2015 by Puneeth Nagaraj & Aarti Bhavana ,MULTISTAKEHOLDERISM IN ACTION, Centre for communication Governance, available at http://ccgdelhi.org/doc/%28CCG-NLU%29%20Multistakeholderism%20in%20Action%20-%20Analysing%20Indian%20Engagement%20at%20Global%20Internet%20Governance%20Institutions%20%282011-15%29.pdf

A Strong U.S.-India Partnership Is in Our Strategic Interest

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Congress has created numerous rules regarding how America goes about establishing strategic relationships. Unfortunately, those rules don’t work well in the world as it exists in the twenty-first century. Over many decades, the United States has established a two-tier system. In the top tier are our formal allies. Alliances were—and to a large extent remain—the coin of the realm for U.S. statecraft and security relationships.

Pakistan’s Military: The Fire Brigade and the Arsonist?


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Analysis on The Muslim Brotherhood, Islamism in Turkey, Jamaat-ud-Dawa,jihad in India and Algeria, and Shiite militias in Iraq...View PDF

Pakistan Army as a Politically Disruptive Force in Nation-Building

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Why China Won’t Rescue North Korea

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What to do about China’s “sharp power”

WHEN a rising power challenges an incumbent one, war often follows. That prospect, known as the Thucydides trap after the Greek historian who first described it, looms over relations between China and the West, particularly America. So, increasingly, does a more insidious confrontation. Even if China does not seek to conquer foreign lands, many people fear that it seeks to conquer foreign minds. Australia was the first to raise a red flag about China’s tactics. On December 5th allegations that China has been interfering in Australian politics, universities and publishing led the government to propose new laws to tackle “unprecedented and increasingly sophisticated” foreign efforts to influence lawmakers (see article). This week an Australian senator resigned over accusations that, as an opposition spokesman, he took money from China and argued its corner. Britain, Canada and New Zealand are also beginning to raise the alarm. On December 10th Germany accused China of trying to groom politicians and bureaucrats. And on December 13th Congress held hearings on China’s growing influence.

US forces could potentially lose next war to Russia or China, warns sobering Rand report

By Jeff Daniels

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Assessment of the Lone Wolf Terrorist Concept

Linda Schlegel holds a BA in Liberal Arts from the University College Maastricht (NL) and an MA in Terrorism, Security and Society from King’s College London (UK). Her main topics of interest are radicalization, the role of identity in extremism, and societal resilience. She can be found on Twitter at @LiSchlegel. Divergent Options’ content does not contain information of an official nature nor does the content represent the official position of any government, any organization, or any group.

North Korean Nuclear Reactor Safety: The Threat No One is Talking About

The ability of North Korea to safely operate its nuclear reactors, according to many experts, is increasingly being called into question given the North’s isolation and lack of safety culture. Pyongyang’s ability to respond to a nuclear accident in a timely fashion will make the difference between a small-scale event and a catastrophic disaster. And while the actual contamination would be localized, the lack of transparency from North Korea in dealing with the situation is likely to cause political panic in the region in excess of the actual radiological exposure and environmental impact. The opening of nuclear safety talks with the North to help prevent such an accident from occurring would provide a rare opportunity for regional dialogue and could pry open the door for realistic and productive discussions of North Korea’s nuclear program. 

In a Second Korean War, U.S. Troops Will Fight Underground

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There are many facets of a possible North Korean invasion of South Korea, not the least of which are North Korean conventional missiles and artillery would pose a substantial threat to populated areas south of the DMZ. But any kind of ground incursion, with or without the anticipated barrage of conventional missiles, would bring similar threats. Furthermore, mechanized ground conflict would unquestionably call upon a wide range of necessary tactics — large armored vehicle formations, long-range precision-guided weaponry, combined arms maneuvers and air-ground coordination, among other things.

What North Korea's ICBM Means for Japan's Defense Planning

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North Korea is hacking bitcoin exchanges as currency value soars, expert says

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The Ideologues Who Wrecked Libya


Out of the New York Times last week came a report that slave auctions are now a reality in Libya. This was hardly breaking news—those who have followed the plight of that traumatized North African country know horrid human rights abuses have been rampant for years—but the existence of such auctions, unheard of by most Americans outside of weirdly macabre Disney World rides, still arouses fresh alarm. Lawless Libya has become an escape route to the Mediterranean for thousands of migrants seeking asylum in Europe, which has given rise to human traffickers promising them safe passage, only to brutalize them and even sell them as chattel. How did this happen? According to the Times: “The migrant crisis in Libya originated with the collapse of the government of Col. Muammar el-Qaddafi six years ago.”

In the Middle East, Russia Seems to Be Everywhere

It can be difficult to separate the important from unimportant on any given day. Reflections mean to do exactly that — by thinking about what happened today, we can consider what might happen tomorrow. Russia's growing prominence in the Middle East was on full display Dec. 11 when Vladimir Putin visited three key Middle Eastern countries in one day. The Russian president followed a surprise trip to Syria with a quick stop in Egypt before ending his day's travels in Turkey. He met with his presidential counterparts in all three countries, and the economic deals, military agreements and political settlements he discussed highlighted Russia's role in the region. While Russia has its own reasons for bolstering its relationships with Syria, Egypt and Turkey, it also benefits from being visible where its regional rival, the United States, is not.

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In 2011, as Americans became increasingly angry at Wall Street, many Republican politicians felt the need to defend capitalism overall while condemning its corrupted elements. They invoked the phrase “crony capitalism.” Rep. Michele Bachmann accused her political rivals of crony capitalism. Mitt Romney said, “And if you want to get America going again, you’ve got to stop the spread of crony capitalism.” House Speaker John Boehner said that private-sector job creators had been “undercut by a government that favors crony capitalism and businesses deemed ‘too big to fail,’ over the small banks and small businesses that make our economy go.”

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Loitering Death Drones

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Up the Estonian coast, a five-lane highway bends with the path of the sea, then breaks inland, leaving cars to follow a thin road toward the houses at the water’s edge. There is a gated community here, but it is not the usual kind. The gate is low—a picket fence—as if to prevent the dunes from riding up into the street. The entrance is blocked by a railroad-crossing arm, not so much to keep out strangers as to make sure they come with intent. Beyond the gate, there is a schoolhouse, and a few homes line a narrow drive. From Tallinn, Estonia’s capital, you arrive dazed: trees trace the highway, and the cars go fast, as if to get in front of something that no one can see.

The Most And Least Expensive Countries For Broadband

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Bitcoin And Financial Governance

by Derryl Hermanutz

Digital Money

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Cyberattacks And The Digital Dilemma

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By: Armin Haracic  
Source Link

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The IT infrastructure landscape is evolving rapidly. What will it look like in 2020?

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Familiar trends at a faster pace and greater scale

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Ulrike Franke
Source Link

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Introducing #WarBots

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Infographic Of The Day: Cybersecurity - Fighting A Threat That Causes 450B Of Damage Each Year

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